Wave Energy Harvesting System Using Piezocomposite Materials
Keywords:Wave energy, Energy harvesting, Piezoelectric material, Renewable energy, Mass-spring system, Flexible device
Marine energies are a strategic channel for renewable energies to diversify and complement the global energy mix. From this perspective, several researches have seen the light in order to allow the maximum exploitation possible of the energy estimated at 80,000 TWh/year, presenting multiple vacant possibilities concerning energy not yet exploited on a large scale. The purpose of this paper is the use of ocean vibratory energy coupling with a smart composite material in order to harvest the maximum power. This study will be devoted to the design, modeling, and simulation of a floating harvester energy system that combines the mechanical strength and flexibility of polymer with the high piezo and pyroelectric activities of ceramic. The harvester system is composed of a mass-spring system used to transfer wave movements to mechanical vibrations, and two piezoelectric lever devices will be used to amplify and convert the harvested mechanical vibration into electrical power. With this flexible device, the maximum power harvested is 56.45 μW/mm², using PU/PZT composite with the optimal resistance of 108 MΩ. Considering these results, this system can be used in very different ways in marine applications.
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