The Economic Impact of Container-loading Problem
Keywords:Container loading problem, Cargo packing, Cost optimisation, Efficiency of container capacity
Thousands of containers with different types of cargo are loaded every day in multiple manufacturing and logistics centres in the world. The main problem arising from these handlings is how to make the maximum use of all the available container capacities, while keeping the overall costs of transport per cargo unit as low as possible. The previous research mostly focuses on studying different algorithms for optimising container loading with cargo that has already been assigned based on its dimensions and weight. However, this paper will emphasise the importance of using algorithms in the planning and preparation of the cargo itself during the manufacturing processes before it is dispatched for loading into containers. Besides the length, width, height, and weight of the cargo itself, a fifth component influencing the overall transport costs will be considered, i.e. the manner of loading a container. The research will be carried out on an example of a container shipment of wooden sawn timber materials.
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