How Delivery of Goods without Tendering of Bill of Lading Can Discharge Liability of Maritime Carrier
Keywords:Bill of lading, Liability of maritime carrier, Qatari law, UK law, Delivery of goods
This paper tends to clarify implications of delivery of goods performed by a maritime carrier to a consignee at the place of destination; particularly, a delivery made without receiving the original bill of lading in exchange for the goods delivered to the consignee. In spite of the importance of such delivery, none of the related international conventions has addressed the implications of such a delivery for the liability of the maritime carrier. This gap has given rise to inconsistency between the approaches adopted by various jurisdictions worldwide, and such a divergence will contradict the fundamental international principle of unifying the international maritime rules. Hence, the study is discussing the area of ambiguity under both the English and the Qatari law to reach some suggestions that could be adopted under both jurisdictions to clarify the legal position of maritime carriers as well as to protect them from liability arising under this delivery.
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